Article 3419

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Posadskiy Anton Viktorovich, Doctor of historical sciences, associate professor, sub-department of history of state, law and international relations, Povolzhsky Institute of Management named after P. A. Stolypin – branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (164, Moskovskaya street, Saratov, Russia), E-mail: 

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Background. The rebel movement of the peasantry during the Civil war is a significant research plot. The protest movement against the policy of war communism had specific features in different regions. In particular, the powerful movement under the leadership of M. Pyatakov in the spring of 1921 within former Novouzensk and Kamyshin districts differed from the RAID insurgency of Vakulin – Popov, Sapozhkov and his successors. The purpose of the work is to describe the internal structure and development of the armed forces of the Pyatakov rebels according to the staff documents of one of the district headquarters.
Materials and methods. The main corp of sources were deposited in the State archive of the Russian Federation documents of the Old Poltavka district headquarters of the rebels. They allow us to see the directions and results of political and military construction in the rebel area. Along with this, the materials of the “VOHR” troops, published Soviet documents are involved. The analysis of the documents allowed to characterize the degree of organization of the insurgency.
Results. Propaganda materials, office work and correspondence of insurgents are investigated. The structure of power, elements of military construction, the ratio of civil and military authorities of the rebel area are revealed. The scale of the movement is outlined.
Conclusions. M. Pyatakov’s rebels sought to organize the life of the district liberated from the Bolsheviks. The basis of civil power became the revolutionary five. Along with them, rural and district headquarters were created as structures of military power. The movement captured Russian, Ukrainian, German villages. Efforts were made to organize information, conducted proper records management. The rebels were not able to overcome the extremely weak armament. The main efforts to develop the movement occurred in mid-March – mid-April 1921, after which the rebels were defeated by the Soviet armed forces. 

Key words

Russia, Volga region, Civil War, peasantry, insurgency, historical source 


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